Young athletes are more prone to sports injuries than adults. This is because their bodies have slow reaction times and the fact that they are going through growth spurts. Most of these injuries are caused by repetitive use of specific muscles, wearing ill-fitting sports gear or applying the wrong technique when playing sports. The fractures cause temporary acute pain, but in some cases, they can develop into chronic pain that lasts three or more months. This post examines the most common sprains young athletes experience.
- Runner’s Knee
It is the most common injury among young athletes and can be caused by several conditions that lead to the development of pain in the kneecap. Most athletes develop the problem when the patella moves in the wrong direction between the tibia and femur due to overuse. Misalignment of the knee can also lead to the development of the runner’s knee. It occurs when the muscles surrounding the knee are not of equal strengths, and the strong muscles begin to pull the kneecap out of line. Other causes include trauma to the patella (kneecap), inadequate stretching before exercise, flat feet, arthritis and a fractured kneecap.
- Sprained Ankle
A 2013 study found that ankle strains were the most common injuries in high school sports where most athletes who had sprained ankles required medical attention. Sprains range from Grade 1, i.e., a minor injury that leads to slight soreness to Grade 3, which is extremely painful and needs surgery and prolonged recovery time. Physical therapy is an excellent remedy for athletes prone to ankle sprains as it strengthens the muscles around the ankle, restores balance and their recovery time. It explains why elite sports facilities have cryotherapy chambers for hire to facilitate the recovery of athletes. CryoAction is a reliable provider of cryotherapy chambers, having been selected by renowned sports teams across the country.
- Shin Splints
The injury is common among athletes who participate in soccer, cross country or football. Shin splints cause the strong calf muscles to strain the weak shin muscles, causing them to pull away from the bones. If the injury is severe, an inflammation of the periosteum may develop. The periosteum is the protective tissue of the surrounding bone. Physical therapy helps resolve this injury by strengthening the shin muscles. Athletes are also advised to stop running to allow the muscles to recover.
- Head Injury
This injury is common among athletes playing football, volleyball and basketball. As such, they are advised to go for brain tests after head injuries, and at the beginning of every season, to determine the extent of damage. The test identifies the injured area and assesses the amount of time required to recover.