Whole Body Cryotherapy
Whole Body Cryotherapy is an extreme cold treatment. CryoAction cryotherapy treatments are delivered as temperatures of between -120°C and -160°C.
The whole body cryotherapy machine treatment is a skin level treatment so the core body temperature is only marginally effected but it is not unusual to record skin temperatures dropping by between 10 – 15°C during a standard treatment period of between 3 – 5 minutes in duration.
Despite the extreme temperatures, due to the dry air, the environment is not unpleasant. Of those having experienced immersion in an ice-bath at temperatures of 5 – 8°C, almost all prefer the comfort and lack of physical penetrative cold of whole body cryotherapy machine treatment.
The body undergoes an amazing physiological response to the extremely low temperatures in a whole body cryotherapy chamber. When the brain receives signals registering the extent of the cold, it registers the impossibility of maintaining an average temperature if normal blood circulation is maintained in the outer layers of the skin. Receptors below the surface of the skin then direct the body’s nervous system to carry out a process called vasoconstriction – a narrowing of the arteries and blood vessels.
The process leads to a reduction in the flow of blood to tired or damaged tissue, effectively shutting down the inflammation process and the development of swelling or bruising around an injury. As a result of this process, blood is retained in the body’s core and is flushed through the natural cycle and becomes enriched with oxygen, enzymes and nutrients as well as receiving an influx of hormones via the body’s endocrine system.
At the end of the whole body cryotherapy machine treatment, the normal body temperature will gradually be restored and as a result, normal blood flow is enhanced with the now enriched blood cells flooding the previously tired limbs.
The body undergoes a series of amazing physiological responses when undergoing a cryotherapy treatment. Due to the extreme temperatures, the body has to adapt to continue major functions. Realising that it can no longer maintain an average temperature throughout the entire body, the body undergoes a process called vasoconstriction, narrowing the blood vessels in order to retain blood in the core around the vital organs. While in the core, the blood is flushed through the body’s processes and is cleansed and enriched with oxygen, enzymes and nutrients as well as receiving an influx of hormones via the body’s endocrine system.
The flushing process has an impact to the limbs where, due to the reduction in the flow of blood to tired or damaged tissue, the inflammation process and the development of swelling or bruising around an injury is interrupted.
On exiting the cryotherapy machine and once the body temperature levels have normalised, the reverse process called vasodilation then returns the now enriched blood from the core to the extremities.
This rush of endorphins in the blood following whole body cryotherapy treatments also leads to immediate mood enhancement. Mental health benefits of cryotherapy sessions lead to long term stability of mood, making this a valuable treatment for short and long term results.
Various studies have identified a reduction in the release of the stress hormone, cortisol. This reduction leads to a return to a balanced and relaxed state of mind , enabling clear thinking and stability.
Other hormonal responses resulting from a whole body cryotherapy include releases in testosterone in males and changes in DHEA and estradiol. Coupled with the natural analgesic reaction, the boosts of natural anabolic (build-up) hormones and reduction of catabolic (break-down) that cryotherapy releases, provide for a fantastic feeling of well-being post treatment.
- Big reductions in inflammation
- Induces anti-inflammatory protection
- Reductions of Creatine Kinase (CK) and Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH)
- Positive impact on immunological parameters
- Good effect on regeneration process
- Less exercise related stress.
- Between 30% and 46% less muscle cell damage.
- Decreased pain
- Reduced swelling
- Decreased muscle spasms
- Reduced oedema formation
- Reduced metabolic activity and oxygen demand, improving tissue healing response
- Rapid removal of heat from the injury site with effective temperature reduction
- Reduced or eliminated need for pain medication post-injury
- Enhanced lymphatic drainage, key to better healing
- Increased blood flow and oxygen delivery to injury site, speeding recovery of damaged tissue
- Intensive training has negative impact on players
- Repeated exposures of whole body cryotherapy stimulates immune system
- Related to the enhanced noradrenaline (norepinephrine) response triggered by cold
- Reduces susceptibility to infections in whole body cryotherapy users
- Protection from suffering colds and influenza
- Increased testosterone supply
- Reduction in stress hormone, Cortisol
- Improved levels of endorphins
- Enhanced antioxidant status associated with a decrease in total oxidative status and inflammatory responses
- Heart rate variability returns to baseline faster
- Intense exercise decreases sleep quality
- Sleep latency
- Reduced duration
- Efficacy of sleep
- Whole Body Cryotherapy counteracts fatigue effects
- Induces a relaxed state of mind
- Counteracts anxiety
- Improves sleep quality
- Traction injuries,
- Fibre fractures,
- Painful tension & spasm.
- Fascial compartment syndrome.
- Aseptic tendonitis,
- Popliteal muscle,
- Achilles’ heel,
- Tennis elbow,
- Golf elbow
- Painful shoulder syndrome
- Articular bursa and articular cartilage injury.
- Knee-cap and thigh syndrome,
- Runner’s knee,
- Posterior thigh muscles syndrome,
- Lumbar muscles syndrome,
- Weightlifter’s back,
- Sole tendonitis.
- Inflammation of the calcanean spur
- Morton’s metatarsia,
- Fatigue fracture of the metatarsus bones,
- Body regeneration (through stimulation)
- Stamina and force support training,
- Acceleration of post-strain regeneration (regulation of oxidative stress),
- Preventive treatment against over-straining.
- Body stimulation leading to the increase of its efficiency, resulting in an anabolic effect, similar to the one achieved by administrating pharmacological stimulating agents.